Born, Ignaz Edler von Pseudonym: Johannes Physiophilus
Ignaz Edler von Born, painting by J. B. Lampi the Elder, around 1790 (Historisches Museum der Stadt Wien)
Born, Ignaz Edler von (pseudonym: Johannes Physiophilus), b. Alba Iulia, Rumania (then Karlsburg), Dec. 26, 1742, d. Vienna, July 24, 1791, mineralogist and palaeontologist, from 1776 curator of the Imperial Mineralogical Collections; left the Jesuit Order and became the Master of a Masonic Lodge called "Zur wahren Eintracht", editor of the "Journal für Freymaurer"; Mozart probably modelled the role of Sarastro in "The Magic Flute" on B.; members of B.´s circle included J. B. Alxinger, A. Blumauer, G. von Leon, J. Pezzl, J. F. von Ratschky and J. Richter.
Literature: H. Reinalter (ed.), Die Aufklärung in Ö. I. B. und seine Zeit, 1991.