Neo-Romanticism, name for a literary movement around 1890-1915 that saw itself in opposition to Naturalism and harked back to the themes of Romanticism. Neo-Romantic authors had a distinct preference for exotic settings (Middle Ages, Italian Renaissance), for the miraculous, for mysterious, magical and absurd events, legends, myths and fairy tales; in lyrical poetry they sought formal perfection and sophisticated language. They drew their inspiration from Symbolism and decadent poetry; they maintained close links with Impressionism, fin de siècle literature and Jugendstil, which was in turn greatly influenced by Neo-Romanticism. Representatives of Austrian Neo-Romanticism were in particular H. von Hofmannsthalin his early years, R. M. Rilke, R. Beer-Hofmann, F. Dörmann, R. Kralik, R. v. Schaukal, G. Meyrink, F. Braun, F. K. Ginzkey and S. Zweig.
Literature: J. Hermand, Stilkunst um 1900, 1967; W. Paulsen (ed.), Das Nachleben der Romantik, 1969.