Eduard Strauß, photo, around 1890
Strauß, Eduard, b. Vienna, March 15, 1835, d. Vienna, Dec. 28, 1916, composer, musical director. Youngest son of Johann Strauß the Elder; first directed his own band; after the death of his brother Josef Strauß, directed the "Straußsche Kapelle" with his brother Johann Strauß the Younger until the members of the orchestra appointed C. M. Ziehrer their new director 1878. 1872 was appointed Director of the Imperial Court Balls (title first introduced as an award for his father). Went on extensive tours with his own orchestra, repeating his father´s success. 1901 dissolved the orchestra and retreated into private life. Embittered by the fact that he was much less successful as a composer than his brothers and his father, he destroyed their archives of hand-written music.
Literature: A. Witeschnik, Die Dynastie Strauß, 1958; A. Weinmann, Verzeichnis sämtlicher Werke von Josef und Eduard Strauß, 1967; P. Prange, Die Strauß-Dynastie, 1991.