TU Graz

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Plankenstein - Plöckinger, Erwin (16/25)
Plechl, Pia Maria Pleier, der

Plečnik, Josef


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Josef Plečnik, Zacherl building in the 1st district of Vienna, 1903-1905.



Plečnik, Josef, b. Ljubljana, Slovenia (then Laibach), Jan. 23, 1871, d. Ljubljana, Slovenia (then Laibach), Jan. 6, 1957, architect and designer. Studied under L. Theyer in Graz and 1894-1898 under O. Wagner at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna; worked in Wagner´s office on the planning of the Vienna city railway; 1900-1911 created his most important works, also designed the interiors (Zacherl building in the 1st district of Vienna, 1903-1905); 1911-1920 taught at the trade school in Prague; designed alterations at Prague Castle. His most important religious buildings are in Vienna (Church of the Holy Spirit in the 16th district of Vienna, 1910-1913) and Prague (Church of the Sacred Heart, 1928-1932). In 1920 P. settled again in Ljubljana; he not only taught at the university there, but also had a decisive influence on the face of the town with his buildings and town-planning decisions and became the founder of modern Slovenian architecture, although his very individualistic style is more influenced by antiquity and the theories of G. Semper and O. Wagner.



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Josef Plečnik, in the studio of the sculptor Josef Engelhart, photo 1907


Further works: Vienna: residential building Beckgasse, 1900/01; block of flats Langer, 1901-1903; fountain Karl-Borromäus-Brunnen, 1906-1909.

Literature: D. Prelovšek, J. P., Wr. Arbeiten von 1896 bis 1914, 1979; P. M. Bode u. G. Peichl, Architektur aus Ö. seit 1960, 1980; Magistrat der Stadt Wien (ed.), Architektur in Wien, 1984; F. Achleitner, Ö. Architektur im 20. Jh., vol. III/1, 1990; D. Prelovšek, J. P. 1872-1957, Architectura perennis, 1992.


 
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