Claudia von Medici
Claudia of Medici, engraving
Claudia of Medici, b. Florence (Italy), June 4, 1604, d. Innsbruck (Tyrol), Dec. 25, 1648, Archduchess of Austria, Princess of Tyrol (1632), daughter of the Grand Duke Ferdinand I of Tuscany, 1626 married Archduke Leopold V (d. 1632); 1632-1646 reigned with a group of five councillors (including W. Biener) instead of her son Ferdinand Karl (b. 1628), who was still a minor. C. built "Porta Claudia" Fortress in the Scharnitz ravine near the Bavarian border (blown up in 1805) and strongly promoted the arts (introduced baroque theatre), trade (reorganized Bozen/Bolzano Fair in 1635) and crafts in Tyrol.
Literature: F. H. Hye in: Die Habsburger, ed. by B. Hamann, 41993; NDB.