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Terzaghi, Karl, b. Prague (Czech Republic), Oct. 2, 1883, d. Winchester (USA), Oct. 25, 1963, engineer. After completing numerous studies (machine engineering, civil engineering, geology and others), carried out engineering and science projects in Croatia, Russia and Turkey. Established "soil mechanics" as a distinct scientific discipline, 1925-1929 and 1936 Professor in the USA where he achieved tremendous success with his methods for laying foundations for large buildings, but only after initial controversy. From 1929-1938 at the University of Technology in Vienna, which during this time became an international research centre for soil mechanics. In 1939 emigrated to the USA and continued his work at Harvard University in Massachusetts. His publications are internationally renowned standard references.
Works: Erdbaumechanik auf bodenphysikalischer Grundlage, 1925; Theoretical Soil Mechanics, 1943 (German: Theoretische Bodenmechanik, 1954).