Camillo Sitte, photo around 1885
Sitte, Camillo, b. Vienna, April 17, 1843, d. Vienna, Nov. 16, 1903, architect and urban planner; son of the architect Franz S. (1808-1879), father of Siegfried Sitte. Student of H. von Ferstel; 1875-1883 head of the state trade school in Salzburg, from 1883 at the state trade school in Vienna. Dedicated much of his time to various individual buildings (e.g. Mechitarist Church in Vienna, 1874) and craftwork and especially to problems related to urban planning; 1889 published "Urban planning according to artistic principles", considered a standard work and found world-wide distribution. S. supported contemporary nationalist concepts on the one hand, but emphasized the relevance of social conditions on the other; he compared the abstract modular system with the artistically varied mode of design, which he demonstrated on medieval and baroque objects. Co-founder of the magazine ´Urban Planning´.
Literature: G. R. Collins and C. Crasemann Collins, C. S. and the Birth of Modern City Planning, 1965; R. Wurzer, C. S.- Lebenslauf und Werk, in: Berichte zur Raumforschung und Raumplanung, 1968; D. Wieczorek, C. S. et les débuts de l´urbanisme moderne, 1981; M. Mönninger, Vom Ornament zum Nationalkunstwerk. Zur Kunst- und Architekturtheorie C. S.,1998.