Karl Renner. Photo.
Renner, Karl, b. Dolní Dunajovice, Czech Republic (then Unter-Tannowitz), Dec. 14, 1870, d. Vienna, Dec. 31, 1950, studied law, politician (SDAP; Austrian Socialist Party, SPÖ). 1907 delegate to the Reichsrat, advocated a federalist re-organization of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, wrote numerous works on this subject, pioneer of workers' education; 1918-1920 State Chancellor of the First Republic; 1918-1919 member of the Provisional National Assembly, 1919-1920 member of the Constituent National Assembly; author of the provisional constitution, the electoral regulations and significant legislation; head of the Austrian delegation to the peace negotiations in Saint-Germain. 1930-1934 member of the Nationalrat, 1931-1933 its 1st president, 1934 short-term imprisonment. Belonged to the pragmatic wing of the social-democratic party. 1945 pursued the restoration of Austria as first head of government in the Second Republic in the provisional three-party government. As Federal President from 1945 until 1950 aimed at uniting the people under the banner of co-operation, democracy, human rights and the restoration of Austria's sovereignty.
Works (partly under the pseudonyms of Synopticus or Rudolf Springer): Staat und Nation, 1899; Der Kampf der ö. Nationen um den Staat, 1902; Grundlagen und Entwicklungsziele der ö.-ungar. Monarchie, 1906; Ö. Erneuerung, 3 vols., 1916; An der Wende zweier Zeiten, 1946; Nachgelassene Werke, 3 vols., 1952-1953; Das Weltbild der Moderne, 1954; Porträt einer Evolution, ed. by H. Fischer, 1970.
Literature: A. Pelinka, K. R. zur Einführung, 1989; W. Rauscher, K. R.: ein ö. Mythos, 1994; S. Nasko and J. Reichl, K. R., 2000.
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