Gustav Marchet, photo, 1914
Marchet, Gustav, b. Baden (Lower Austria), May 29, 1846, d. Ostrov, Czech Republic (then Schlackenwerth), April 27, 1916, Professor for Law and Administration; politician. From 1869 at the School for Forestry in Mariabrunn, from 1872 Professor at the University of Forestry and Agriculture in Vienna (Rector). 1891 to 1997 and 1901 to 1907 member of the Reichsrat (party: "Deutsche Fortschrittspartei", liberal). As head of the Ministry of Education (1906 to 1908) he introduced the school type Realgymnasium (modern-language grammar school) as equal to Latin Grammar Schools and eased requirements for the final examinations Reifeprüfung and School Performance Assessment. Valuable contributions to agricultural law and social policy (e.g. old age and disablement insurance). From 1872 onwards maintained contact with F. W. Raiffeisen and advocated the latter's ideas (agricultural co-operatives).
Publications: Zur Organisation des landwirthschaftlichen Credites in Österreich, 1876; Der Kredit des Landwirthes, 1878; Studien über die Entwicklung der österreichischen Agrarverhältnisse 1848-1898, 2 parts, 1889/99; Das Recht des Landwirthes, 2 vols., 1890 (21900).
Literature: G. Bittner, Dr. G. M., doctoral thesis, Vienna 1950; ÖBL; NDB.