Adolf Schärf, photo
Schärf, Adolf, b. Mikulov, Czech Republic (then Nikolsburg), April 20, 1890, d. Vienna, Feb. 28, 1965, studied law, civil servant and politician (SDAP, Austrian Socialist Party SPÖ). 1918-1934 secretary to the Social Democratic president of the Nationalrat, 1933-1934 member of the Bundesrat, 1934, 1938 and 1944 political prisoner. 1945-1957 leader of the federal Austrian Socialist Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs SPÖ), member of the Nationalrat (until 1956 chairman of the SPÖ-group in parliament) and Vice Chancellor, 1957-1965 Federal President. Together with Federal President K. Renner and the Federal Minister of the Interior O. Helmer, S. belonged to the pragmatic wing of the SPÖ which he co-founded in 1945 and which rejected Austromarxist ideas. Learnt much from the failure of the First Republic and advocated the economic rehabilitation of Austria by increased worker involvement and a coalition government of the Austrian People´s Party (ÖVP) and the SPÖ. 1955 participated in the state treaty negotiations in Moscow. As Federal President he was respected by all parties.
Works: Ö. Erneuerung 1945-55, 1955; Erinnerungen aus meinem Leben, 1963.
Literature: K. R. Stadler, A. S., 1982.