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Schubert Biography of Franz Schubert

1784  Schubert's father leaves his Moravian home and settles in Vienna/Lichtenthal (9th district).
1785  He marries a Silesian girl, Elisabeth Vietz.
1797  Franz Schubert is born (birthplace).
1808  Schubert becomes a pupil of the Stadtkonvikt (City Seminary) and a choirboy of the Court Chapel. He gets lessons from Antonio Salieri (cf. "Österreich-Lexikon").
1813  He attends a teachers' training college.
1814  He becomes assistant teacher in his father's school. He calls that period three years of "martyrdom in school".

He conducts his Mass in F major at Lichtenthal Church.


His application for a teacher's job in Laibach is turned down. He becomes a free-lance composer in Vienna, without being tied down to a regular job.

1817  Clash with his father; Schubert loses the only job of his life with a fixed income. For the rest of his life his financial position is insecure.
1818-1824  Schubert is music master to Count Johann Karl Esterhazy of Galantha at Castle Zelesz on the Gran, then a part of Hungary, now known as Zeliezovce in Slovakia.
1825-1827  His applications for the posts of Court Kapellmeister and of Kapellmeister at the Kärntnertortheater in Vienna are without success.
1828  March 26th, 1st anniversary of Beethoven's death; his only public concert with works of his own is organised.

November 4th: Schubert starts to take lessons from Simon Sechter (cf. "Österreich-Lexikon"), Vienna's most renowned teacher of musical theory.

November 19th: Schubert dies of typhus in Vienna. At his death only one third of his compositions had been printed and those only in Austria. In 1826 the only paper to give him real recognition had been the "Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung" (General Musical Gazette) in Leipzig, applauding the piano sonata in A minor.

There is a marked difference between Schubert and the Wiener Klassik for sociological reasons. He does not write for the nobility, but for himself and people like himself, the middle class.

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