Stainer Steiner, Jakob
Jakob Stainer, relief of the 19th century
Stainer (Steiner), Jakob, b. Absam (Tirol), 1617, d. Absam (Tirol), Oct. or Nov. 1683, violin maker. Probably student of the masters of Cremona; from 1658 violin maker at court, from 1656 workshop in Absam (without assistants or apprentices). Founder of the Central European school of violin making; combined Italian manufacturing techniques with the German violin model. His violins are characterised by a particularly beautiful sound and are of equal quality as the Italian masterpieces (often compared to Amati violins). mental illness from 1675; his last violin is dated 1682. The violin maker Marcus S. (b. Hallein, 1633, d. Laufen, Nov. 27, 1693), though often referred to as brother of Jakob S., is not a relative.
Literature: W. Senn, J. S. Leben und Werk des Ti. Meisters 1617-1683, 1986.