Theodor Körner, photo around 1950
Körner, Theodor, b. Komorn (Slovakia), April 24, 1873, d. Vienna, Jan. 4, 1957, general and politician (SDAP and Austrian Social Democratic Party, SPÖ), during World War I chief of staff at the Isonzo front, 1918 Department Head at the Office for Military Affairs, 1924 forced to retire owing to his critical attitude, joined the SDAP (Social Democratic Workers´ Party), member of the central governing body of the Schutzbund (Social Democratic Defence League), 1924-1934 member of the Bundesrat. In February 1934 advised the SDAP against violent resistance to the Austrian fascist dictatorship, imprisoned 1934 and 1944. 1945-1951 Mayor of Vienna and member of the Nationalrat, 1951-1957 President of Austria. As head of state mediated in political conflicts, encouraged cooperation between the major parties and stepped in to prevent a joint government with the Union of Independents (VdU, later FPÖ, the Austrian Freedom Party), although some of the ÖVP supported this. T. K. endowment fund for the promotion of science.
Literature: E. C. Kollmann, T. K., Militär und Politik, 1973; NÖB; NDB.