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Fraktion - Frankl-Hochwart, Lothar Ritter von (11/25)
Franck, Jeremias Frank, Josef

Frank, Johann Peter


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Johann Peter Frank, lithograph by A. Kunike



Frank, Johann Peter, b. Rodalpen (Germany), March 19, 1745, d. Vienna, April 24, 1821, hygienist, 1795-1805 head of the public health service in Lombardy and from 1809 in Vienna. Reorganized the Vienna General Hospital, and with his work "System einer vollständigen medicinischen Polizey" (system of a sanitary police", 6 vols., 1779-1819) established hygiene as a scientific discipline. Treated mental patients and taught that insanity should be considered an illness. Together with R. Vetter he founded the pathological-anatomical museum of the Vienna General Hospital. Numerous works on medical subjects.


Further publication: Kleine Schriften praktischen Inhaltes, 1797.

Literature: H. Breyer, J. P. F., Fürst unter den Ärzten Europas, 1983; R. Zey (ed.), Lexikon der Forscher und Erfinder, 1997.


 
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