Victor Adler. Photo, around 1910.
Adler, Victor, b. Prague (Czech Republic), June 24, 1852, d. Vienna, Nov. 11, 1918, physician and social democratic politician. Founding father of social democracy in Austria, leader of the Labour Movement and co-founder of the First Republic; initially member of the German Nationalist movement. 1886 founded the socialist weekly "Gleichheit" ("Equality"), 1889 the "Arbeiterzeitung" ("Workers' Paper"). 1888/1889 united the various groups to establish the Social Democratic Party of Austria at the Hainfelder Parteitag (party conference in Hainfeld) and in 1899 played a leading role in the drafting of the Brünner Programm. As a member of the provincial parliament (from 1905) he played a leading role in the fight for universal suffrage; in 1918 as the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs under the interim government of K. Renner he advocated the "Anschluss" ("unification") of "Deutsch-Österreich" with Germany. Bust by A. Hanak at the "Republik-Denkmal" ("Monument of the Republic") in Vienna.
Works: Aufsätze, Reden und Briefe, 5 vols., 1922-1929.
Literature: M. Ermers, V. A., 1932; R. Charmatz, Lebensbilder aus der Geschichte Ö., 1947; F. Kreuzer, Was wir ersehnen von der Zukunft Fernen, 1988; L. O. Meysels, Viktor Adler - Die Biographie, 1997; ÖBL; NÖB; NDB.