Consumer Protection; the term covers all the legal provisions designed to protect consumers against inferior merchandise and misleading advertising. - Consumer protection comprises provisions designed to protect health (e.g. food control) and safety (e.g. product liability), to provide information (e.g. price labelling) and to protect consumers in certain legal transactions of everyday life. So-called "consumer contracts", i.e. legal transactions between companies and consumers, are governed by the law on consumer protection of 1979; it contains special provisions concerning door-to-door selling, instalment contracts, sales against cash in advance and contracts on recurring deliveries or services as well as a catalogue of inadmissible contract clauses.
Literature: H. Koziol and R. Welser, Grundriß des bürgerlichen Rechts, vol. 2, 91991.