Centenary of Austrian Social Democracy
The historical roots of the Austrian Social Democracy reach far beyond the anniversary occasion of the Hainfeld Party Conference of 1888-1889. Laborers already emerged as an independent factor during the Revolution of 1848. The Workers Educational Organization marked the beginning of the Social Democratic Movement, the first of which originated in 1867 in Gumpendorf in Vienna. Indicative of the fact that the development of a unified, social democratic movement would not happen overnight was not only widespread police harassment but also internal faction struggles between anarchistic "radicals" and social democratic "moderates" from among their own. The key figure in the unification process was Viktor Adler, who finally managed to reconciliate these factions. This manifested itself in the Hainburg Party Conference mentioned earlier. Since then the Austrian Social Democracy has been a considerable political force in implementing existing social ideals in Austria.
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