100th Birthday of Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist Erwin Schrödinger was born on August 12, 1887 in Vienna. From 1906 until 1910 he studied physics at the University of Vienna. During the First World War he was appointed artillery officer on the Isonzo front, yet managed to survive without illness or injury. In 1920 he was awarded Vienna's Academy of Sciences Haitinger Prize for his experiments involving atmospheric electricity in the summer 1913 in Seeham (north of Salzburg). Based on a hypothesis by French physicist Louis de Broglie that not only light, but also electrons and indeed all material, possess particle and wave properties, Schrödinger succeeded in putting forward his famous differential equations in 1926. With this he united mechanics and wave phenomena, thereby founding "wave mechanics", which has appeared in over 100,000 physics publications over the years. In 1933, together with P.A.M. Dirac, Erwin Schrödinger received the Nobel Prize for physics. The gifted researcher was awarded numerous other distinctions and honors throughout his lifetime. Schrödinger died on January 4, 1961 in Vienna and according to his wishes was laid to rest in a small cemetery in the mountains near Alpach.
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