Walter, Bruno eigentlich Bruno Walter Schlesinger
Bruno Walter, photo, around 1960
Walter, Bruno (real name: Bruno Walter Schlesinger), b. Berlin (Germany), Sept. 15, 1876, d. Beverly Hills (USA), Feb. 17, 1962. Conductor and composer. 1901-1912 Kapellmeister at the Imperial Opera House in Vienna (Austrian citizenship in 1911), then in Munich, Berlin and Leipzig; from 1922 also conductor at the Salzburg Festival; 1933-1938 again chief conductor at the Vienna State Opera. In 1938 emigrated to France, and lived in the USA from 1940 (1946 US citizen); from 1947 conducted again in Vienna and Salzburg; famous as a conductor of Mozart and Mahler; numerous awards. After his death his unpublished work (music scores, notes, etc.) was given to the Vienna Music Academy by his daughter.
Works: Das Siegesfest (choral piece), 2 symphonies, chamber music, songs. Writings: Von den moral. Kräften der Musik, 1935; G. Mahler, 1936 and 1957; Thema und Variationen, 1947 (autobiography); Vom Mozart der Zauberflöte, 1955; Von der Musik und vom Musizieren, 1957.
Literature: P. Stefan, B. W., 1936; B. Gavoty, B. W., 1956; D. Woolridge, Conductor´s World, 1970.