Wald- und Wiesengürtel
Wald- und Wiesengürtel, green belt on the outskirts of Vienna, basically defined in 1905 by the Vienna municipal council. The "Schutzgebiet Wald- und Wiesengürtel" protection zone is 10,700 hectares large (1988) and today mainly comprises parts of the Vienna Woods in the west and north-west of Vienna, smaller green areas on the Wienerberg and Laaer Berg hills to the south, the north and south sections of the Donauinsel, the Lobau wetlands in the south-east, a green area in the north-east (21st district) and the Bisamberg hill in the north. The preservation of woods and green spaces has been taken into account in the course of planning structural measures for Vienna since 1892; at that time the western and northern parts of the "Wald- und Wiesengürtel" was still located outside the city boundaries. Only recreational facilities are permitted in the "Wald- und Wiesengürtel" and no other buildings may be erected.
Literature: Magistrat der Stadt Wien (ed.), 70 Jahre Wald- und Wiesengürtel, 1975; idem (ed.), Planungsatlas für Wien, 3rd instalment, 1990.