Suttner, Bertha Freifrau von Pseudonyme: B. Oulot; Jemand
Bertha von Suttner, photo, 1906
Suttner, Baroness Bertha von (pseudonyms: B. Oulot; Jemand), b. Prague (Czech Republic), June 9, 1843, d. Vienna, June 21, 1914, writer. Awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace; her father came from the Kinsky family and her mother was a relative of the liberation poet T. Körner. Since her training as a singer remained unsuccessful she accepted a post as governess and companion in the house of Baron Suttner, where she met her future husband. After a short stay in Paris, where she was supposed to start to work as secretary of A. Nobel, in 1876 she secretly married Baron Arthur Gundaccar Suttner (b. Dec. 21, 1850, d. Dec. 10, 1902) against the wishes of his family and together they fled to Tiflis (now Tbilisi, Georgia). After reconciliation with his family the couple returned 1885 and settled down at an estate in Harmannsdorf (Lower Austria). 1887 S. took up contact to the only peace organization at that time, the "International Arbitration and Peace Association" (London), and made herself familiar with pacifism. 1889 publication of her principal work, the novel "Lay Down Your Arms" ("Die Waffen nieder!"), which was translated into almost all European languages; the novel made her world famous and was a major contribution to the promotion of peace in Europe and in the USA. In 1890 she founded the Austrian pacifist organization "Österreichische Friedensgesellschaft" (from 1964 "Suttner Society"). 1892-1899 published the monthly magazine "Die Waffen nieder" with A. H. Fried, whom she had met in Berlin 1891/92 and who later continued the publication of the magazine under the title "Die Friedens-Warte". In addition, she chaired the peace committee of the League of Austrian Women´s Associations (founded 1902, "Bund österreichischer Frauenvereine"), represented Austria at international peace congresses, was president of the International Peace Office in Berne and initiated the foundation of the Nobel Prize for Peace, which she was awarded in 1905. Suttner died while organizing an international peace congress that was to be held in Vienna in August 1914.
Further work: Memoiren, 1909.
Literature: H. Kaut, B. v. S. und die Anfänge der ö. Friedensbewegung, 1950; I. Reicke, B. v. S., 1952; B. Kempf, B. v. S., 1964; B. Hamann, B. v. S., 1986; H. Steffahn, B. v. S, 1998.