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Josef Speckbacher, lithograph by A. Ziegler
Speckbacher, Josef, b. Gnadenwald (Tirol), July 13, 1767, d. Hall in Tirol, March 28, 1820, Tirolean freedom fighter, also known as "Mann von Rinn" (man from Rinn) after the name of his wife´s farm house. Fought against the French 1797, 1800 and 1805; 1809 at the side of A. Hofer actively participated in 3 battles at the ´Bergisel´ hill. Was known as excellent tactician in mountain warfare; together with J. Haspinger and P. Mayr beat the division of the Rhine League at the pass of Mittenwald-Oberau (also known as ´Sachsenklemme´). On Oct. 17, 1809 defeated near Unken and Mellek, fled to Vienna, where he remained until 1814. Tomb in the ´Hofkirche´ church in Innsbruck.
Literature: W. Köfler, Der Tiroler Freiheitskampf 1809 unter A. Hofer, 1986.