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Scharf, Erwin, b. Třeboń, Czech Republic (then Wittingau), Aug. 29, 1914, d. Vienna, Sept. 6, 1994, journalist and politician (Austrian Socialist Party SPÖ, Austrian Communist Party KPÖ). 1934-1938 official of the illegal Revolutionary Socialists, 1938-1940 imprisoned; 1945-1947 SPÖ chief party secretary, 1948 excluded from the party because of his sympathies with the Communist Party. 1945-1948 and 1949-1953 member of the Nationalrat. 1949 founded the Leftist Socialist Party that merged with the Communist Party in 1956. 1957-1965 editor in chief of the "Volksstimme".
Literature: M. Sporrer and H. Steiner (eds.), E. S. - Zeitzeuge, 1986.