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Osterkorn, Thomas - Österreichische Gesellschaft für Literatur (22/25)
Österreichische Frauenbewegung, ÖFB Österreichische Geschichte

Österreichische Galerie Belvedere


Österreichische Galerie, Belvedere Palace, Vienna. Established in 1781, the gallery exhibits various parts of the Imperial Arts Collection, since 1903 the Lower Belvedere has also been home to the Modern State Gallery. In 1918 the whole complex was turned into a museum. The collections of the Österreichische Galerie present mostly Austrian paintings and sculptures and are divided into 3 sections:

Baroque Museum (Lower Belvedere), first collection opened to the public in 1923, extended in 1934, re-opened in 1953. The exhibits, about 1,680 to 1,780 in number, include main works by G. R. Donner, F. X. Messerschmidt, B. Permoser, J. M. Rottmayr, D. Gran, P. Troger, F. A. Maulbertsch, M. J. Schmidt and M. Altomonte.

Gallery of the 19th and 20th Centuries (Upper Belvedere), opened 1924 (1929), re-opened in 1954. It includes major works by F. H. Füger, J. A. Koch, F. G. Waldmüller, F. Olivier, R. von Alt, J. Danhauser, H. Makart, A. Romako, G. Klimt, E. Schiele, O. Kokoschka, R. Gerstl, A. Egger-Lienz, H. Boeckl, A. P. Gütersloh, A. Hanak, F. Wotruba and G. Ambrosi.

Museum of Medieval Art (Orangery), opened in 1953. Gives an overview of sculptures and panel paintings particularly from the 14th to the early 16th century and includes works of international Gothic art, works by the Schottenmeister, Rueland Frueauf the Elder, M. Pacher and Marx Reichlich.

Branches of the Österreichische Galerie are the Gustinus-Ambrosi-Museum in Vienna (opened in 1978), Halbturn Palace in Burgenland (since 1985) and the Beethoven frieze in the Secession.


Literature: H. Aurenhammer and K. Demus, Die Österreichische Galerie in Wien, 1964; E. Baum, Katalog des Museums mittelalterlicher österreichischer Kunst, 1971; idem, Katalog des österreichischen Barockmuseums im Unteren Belvedere, 1980; Österreichische Galerie (ed.), Kunst des 19. Jahrhunderts, inventory catalogue, 2 vols., 1992/93; idem (ed.), Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts, inventory catalogue, vol. 1, A- F, 1993.


 
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