Hermann Nitsch, small "Schüttbild", painting, 1992
Nitsch, Hermann, b. Vienna, Aug. 29, 1938, painter, representative of Wiener Aktionismus. Since 1957 has developed the idea of the "Orgien-Mysterien-Theater" as a synthesis of the arts, consisting of music, dance, slaughter of animals, etc. and lasting several days (from 1971 regularly held at Prinzendorf Palace, Lower Austria); it characterises his complete literary, musical and artistic œuvre. "Schüttbilder" (where paint is thrown or splashed on the canvas), resulting from cult-like actions, represent a combination of panel painting and action painting. 1995 set designs for the Vienna State Opera.
Works: Das Orgien Mysterien Theater. Manifest, Aufsätze, Vorträge, 1990; Zur Theorie des O. M. Theaters. Zweiter Versuch, 1995. - Numerous further publications on the "Orgien-Mysterien-Theater".
Literature: C. Gargele et al. (eds.), N. Das bildnerische Werk, 1988; G. Jaschke (ed.), Reizwort N., 1995; A. Krenn (ed.), H. N., exhibition catalogue, Mus. Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig, Vienna 1996; D. Spera, H. N. - Leben und Arbeit, 1999.