Otto Nicolai, lithograph by J. Kriehuber, 1855
Nicolai, Otto, b. Kaliningrad, Russia (then Königsberg), June 9, 1810, d. Berlin (Germany), May 11, 1849, German composer and conductor, 1837/38 and 1841-1847 Kapellmeister and singing teacher in Vienna (at the court opera in the Kärntnertortheater), where he established the Philharmonic concerts, the first of which took place on March 28, 1842 marking the formation of the Philharmonic Orchestra, Vienna. In his memory the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra performs an N. concert every year. Of his works the opera "The Merry Wives of Windsor" is best known.
Literature: T. G. Kaufman, O. N., Verdi and his Major Contemporaries, 1990.