Haschka, Lorenz Leopold
Haschka, Lorenz Leopold, b. Vienna, Sept. 1, 1749, d. Vienna, Aug. 3, 1827, poet, a Jesuit until the order was dissolved in 1773, from 1780 a Freemason. In 1797 curator of Vienna University library, 1798-1822 teacher at the Theresianum (diplomatic academy) in Vienna. Under Joseph II wrote anti-clerical poems in the spirit of the Enlightenment and anti-clerical odes ("Das Mönchthum im Erntemond", 1783), from the 1790s wrote only patriotic and anti-revolutionary odes. In 1797 wrote the lyrics for the Austrian national anthem "God save Emperor Franz" (Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser) composed by J. Haydn.
Works: Die Ehre der dt. Tonkunst, bey der Rückkunft des Ritters von Gluck aus Frankreich, 1775; Unsere Sprache, 1784; Die Könige, 1787; Auf Denis Tod, 1800.
Literature: E. Topermann, L. L. H., doctoral thesis, Vienna, 1907; L. Bodi, Tauwetter in Wien, 21995; NDB.