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Albert Gessmann. Lithograph by K. Prochaska, 1908.
Gessmann, Albert, b. Vienna, Jan. 18, 1852, d. Prein (municipality of Reichenau an der Rax, Lower Austria), July 7, 1920, librarian and Christian Socialist politician. 1876-1903 librarian and curator at the library of the University of Vienna, from 1891-1911 member of the Reichsrat, co-founder and, with K. Lueger renowned leader of the Christian Socialist Party, which he fused with the Catholic People's Party in 1907; 1908 Minister of Labour, 1910 chairman of the Christian Socialist Association in the Austrian parliament. G. favoured a multinational, largely autonomous state.
Works: Zur Mittelschulreform, 1908.
Literature: E. Binder, Dr. A. G., doctoral thesis, Vienna 1951.