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Abbado, Claudio, b. Milan (Italy), June 26, 1933, conductor. 1968-1986 music director of the "Teatro alla Scala Milano"; 1984 Viennese début at the State Opera conducting Verdi´s "Simone Boccanegra", 1986-1991 General Music Director of the Vienna State Opera. General Music Director of the City of Vienna since 1987; 1989 elected permanent conductor and artistic director of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra; artistic director of the Salzburg Easter Festival since 1994.Especially committed to promoting modern music (founded the "Wien Modern" festival in 1988) and young musicians (founded the European Union Youth Orchestra in 1978; founder and musical director of the Gustav Mahler Youth Orchestra; artistic adviser to the Chamber Orchestra of Europe).