Franz Winkler, photo, 1930
Winkler, Franz, b. Cvikov, Czech Republic (then Zwickau), March 20, 1890, d. Graz (Styria), Oct 16, 1945, agronomist and politician (member of the "Landbund" peasants' party). Member of the Styrian government from 1920-1930; member of the Nationalrat from 1930-1934; Minister of the Interior from 1930-1932; Vice-Chancellor from 1932-1933; chairman of the "Landbund" in 1932; founded the "Nationalständische Front" (movement in favour of the corporate state) in 1933. Since he objected to the Dollfuß Government's policy, which supported the "Heimwehr" (para-military force), fled to Czechoslovakia and Germany in 1934; was deprived of Austrian citizenship in 1936.
Work: Die Diktatur in Österreich, 1935.
Literature: A. Feldmann, Landbund für Österreich, doctoral thesis, Vienna 1967.