Waidhofen an der Thaya
Waidhofen an der Thaya, Lower Austria, town in the district of Waidhofen an der Thaya, alt. 510 m, pop. 5,553, area 46.03 km2, located on a terrace along the upper part of the River Thaya (also called "Deutsche Thaya"), in the northern Waldviertel region. - District commission, district court, employment services, tax and surveying office, chamber of labour, economic chamber, district chamber of farmers, local health and social insurance office, Caritas day-care centre, marriage, family and personal guidance services, main operating office of the EVN Lower Austrian power services, sports hall, municipal hall, 3 museums, sports and leisure centre, Volksheim educational association, adult education centre, Bundesgymnasium and Bundesrealgymnasium secondary schools, commercial academy, waterworks; 3,727 employed persons (1991), about half of them work in the services sector (mainly personal, social and public services) and half in the manufacturing sector: electrical industry, plastics-processing industry, concrete factory, manufacture of doors, building trade. - Regularly laid-out fortified town founded in the 12th century, first documented mention in 1171 as "Waidehouen", granted town status in 1337 and again in 1375; town fortification and 2 towers largely preserved, impressive high altar with altar painting by M. Mölk, frescoes by J. L. Daysinger, in the Baroque parish church (1716-1723); Baroque citizens´ hospital church (17th century) with Gothic choir; castle (rebuilt in 1770); farmers´ town residences from the late Renaissance and the Baroque periods; Trinity column (1705-1709); hammer mill (19th century).
Literature: R. H. Ježek and E. Neuwirth, 800 Jahre Waidhofen an der Thaya, 1971; R. H. Ježek, Die Stadt Waidhofen an der Thaya von ihrer Gründung bis zum Jahre 1946, doctoral thesis, Vienna, 1976; H. Hitz (ed.), Waidhofen an der Thaya, Werden und Wandel einer Stadt, 1980; Österreichisches Städtebuch, vol. IV, part 3, Die Städte Niederösterreichs, 1982; H. Hitz and A. Biedermann, Waidhofen an der Thaya, Portrait einer Stadt, 1996.
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