Tennengau Region, province of Salzburg, encompasses part of the mountainous areas of the province and forms the political district of Hallein (area 668.29 km2, pop. 50,396); the Tennengau Region consists of the stretch of the Salzach Valley between the narrow gap formed by the Lueg Pass and the Morzg quarter of the city of Salzburg, the Lammer Valley with the Abtenau Basin and the Osterhorn Mountains, which are part of the Salzburg Limestone Alps. It borders on Germany in the west, on the Salzkammergut Region in the east, and is bounded in the south by the Tennengebirge and Hagengebirge Mountains. The Lueg Pass separates the Tennengau Region from the Pongau Region; in the north, it borders on the Flachgau Region. The Tennengau used to be a major transit area between the Central Alps and the Alpine Foreland and has been settled since pre-historic times. Downstream of the town of Golling, the Salzach Valley broadens and is lined by many densely cultivated terraces, on which typical scattered settlements are found (Tennengauer Einhof farmsteads). The region is rich in natural resources: salt mining (Hallein-Dürrnberg) was abandoned in the course of the 20th century, however, marble and gypsum are still extracted at Adnet and Kuchl, respectively. Recent years saw a dynamic development in the local economy, mainly due to growing tourism and increasing industry in the area around the town of Hallein. The Tennengau Region has very high precipitation; main settlements are Hallein, Kuchl, Abtenau, Golling.
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