TU Graz

Information:

This is an old - not maintained - article of the AEIOU.

In the Austria-Forum you find an updated version of this article in the new AEIOU.

https://austria-forum.org Imprint

bm:bwk
Encyclopedia
Encyclopedia
home austria albums search annotate deutsch
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Sekler, Eduard F. - Semperit Reifen Ges.m.b.H. (18/25)
Semmelweis, Ignaz Philipp Semmering, Niederösterreich

Semmering, Passlandschaft


© Copyright

Semmering Pass with Südbahn Hotel.



Semmering Pass, mountain pass, alt. 984 m, at the border between Lower Austria and Styria, between Central Alps and Limestone Alps, crossed by the Semmering Railway and Semmering road. Located between the limestone massifs of the Rax and Schneeberg mountains in the north and the gneiss and mica schist ridges of Stuhleck Mountain and Wechsel Region in the south, the Semmering Pass is characterised by steep limestone rock faces, craggy rocks, broad mountain ridges and wide valleys. There are magnesite, iron ore and gypsum deposits in the soft schist zone (near Schottwien). Linking the Mürztal Valley with the Vienna Basin, the Semmering Pass has formed the border between Lower Austria and Styria since 1254; watershed between Wiener Neustadt Basin in the east and Mürztal Valley and Fröschnitztal Valley in the west. The Semmering road, which links Gloggnitz (Lower Austria) and

Mürzzuschlag (Styria, a simple mountain path existed as early as the 12th century), was constructed under Emperor Karl VI (monument on the summit of the pass) in 1728; extensive serpentines built to facilitate access under Emperor Ferdinand I in 1841; replaced by a new route between 1956 and 1958, further extensions later. Due to its beautiful landscape and large coniferous forests the Semmering Pass is an ideal high-altitude health resort and winter sports area. Tourism reached its peak around the turn of the 20th century, but the Semmering Pass continued to enjoy great popularity until the Second World War. The fall of the Iron Curtain led to an upswing in tourism in the 1970s.


References to other albums:
Photo Album: Semmering

 
User Guide Abbreviations
 
© Copyright Encyclopedia of Austria

 

Search for links to this page
 
help aeiou project of the bm:bwk copyrights e-mail