Reich, Wilhelm, b. Dobrzcynica (Poland), March 24, 1897, d. Lewisburg (USA), Nov. 3, 1957, psychoanalyst, therapist, studied under S. Freud. Advocated removing taboos from sexuality and developed psychological body therapies. Tried to combine the theories of S. Freud and K. Marx and extended Freud´s libido theory into a comprehensive theory of cosmic life energy which he called orgone theory. In 1933 emigrated to the USA, where his views brought him into conflict with the authorities. Died in prison.
Works: Der triebhafte Charakter, 1925; The Function of the Orgasm, 1927; Charakteranalyse, 1933; Massenpsychologie des Faschismus, 1933; Die sexuelle Revolution, 1945.
Literature: M. Konitzer, W. R. zur Einführung, 21992; M. Sharaf, W. R. Die Biographie, 1994; D. Boadella, W. R., 1998.