Rauscher, Joseph Othmar von
Kardinal Joseph Othmar von Rauscher, lithograph by J. Kriehuber
Rauscher, Joseph Othmar von, b. Vienna, Oct. 6, 1797, d. Vienna, Nov. 24, 1875, theologian, church politician, writer, philosophy teacher to the young Emperor Franz Joseph I, prince-archbishop of Vienna (1853), cardinal (1855). 1825 professor of ecclesiastical history and ecclesiastical law in Salzburg, 1832 Director of the Oriental Academy in Vienna and advisor on church affairs in Metternich´s State Chancellery, 1849 Bishop of Seckau and administrator of Leoben. Author of the Concordat of 1855; 1857 successfully demanded the condemnation of the teachings of Anton Günther by the church. 1861 member of the Upper Chamber of the Reichsrat and the Landtag of Lower Austria.
Works: Geschichte der christlichen Kirche, 2 vols., 1829; Hirtenbriefe, Predigten, Anreden, 1858; Das Concordat, 1868.