Oktoberrevolution: Storming of the outer barricades in the Jägerzeile. Lithograph in chalk by C. Lanzedelli (Historisches Museum der Stadt Wien).
Oktoberrevolution, the last uprising of the Austrian Revolution of 1848. On October 6, 1848 imperial troops from Vienna had orders to take up arms against Hungary, which was in a state of rebellion against the Habsburgs. Viennese workers, university students and mutinous troops sympathising with the Hungarians attempted to prevent the departure of the imperial troops. The protests erupted into violent street fights, blood being spilt even in St. Stephen´s Cathedral. The Minister of War, T. Latour was lynched by the angry crowd. Emperor Ferdinand and the imperial court fled to Olmütz (now: Olomouc) on October 7, and on October 22 the Reichstag was relocated to Kremsier (now: Kromeriz). A. Windisch-Graetz and J. Jellacić started the artillery bombardment of Vienna on October 26, and took Vienna´s Inner City by storm on October 31. C. W. Messenhauser, leader of the rebels, the journalists A. Becher and H. Jellinek as well as R. Blum were executed; casualties in Vienna numbered about 2,000. Most of the concessions gained during the March Revolution were revoked.
Literature: W. Häusler, Von der Massenarmut zur Arbeiterbewegung, 1979.