Martinak, Eduard, b. Varaždin (Croatia), Sept. 5, 1859, d. Klagenfurt (Carinthia), Aug. 3, 1943, educator, Professor at the University of Graz. 1919 to 1922 Head of the reform department for secondary schools at the Federal Ministry of Education. M. developed a school of semasiology (science of the meaning of words) influenced by psychology and "object theory" (Grazer Schule), contributed to the development of aptitude tests and improved secondary-school teacher training.
Publications: Zur Psychologie des Sprachlebens, 1898; Psycholog. Untersuchungen zur Bedeutungslehre, 1901; Wesen und Aufgaben einer Schülerkunde, 1907; Psycholog. und pädagog. Abhandlungen, 1929.