Lengyel Culture, named after the Hungarian archaeological site Lengyel, culture of the middle Neolithic Age which emerged around 4800/4700 B.C. in western Hungary, Moravia, Slovakia and the east of Austria. Also called "painted pottery culture" because of the popular pottery paintings in the earliest period of this civilisation. Large fortifications (Falkenstein) and circular places of worship have been investigated archaeologically in Austria. Influences from south-eastern Europe.