Arbeiterzeitung: section of the cover page from the first issue on July 12, 1889.
Arbeiterzeitung, AZ, newspaper founded in 1889 by V. Adler as successor to the banned newspaper "Gleichheit". Main mouthpiece of the Austrian Social Democrats. Appeared every 2 weeks in Vienna from July 12, 1889, weekly from October 18, 1889, and from January 1, 1895 as a daily newspaper until it was banned on February 12, 1934. From February 25, 1934 until March 15, 1938, it was published weekly in exile from Brünn/Brno and smuggled into Austria. After World War II the AZ was re-established as the party newspaper of the Austrian Socialist Party (SPÖ). The newspaper appeared in this function from August 5, 1945 until September 14, 1989, then as a politically independent newspaper until October 31, 1991, when it was discontinued for financial reasons. Important editors-in-chief (F. Austerlitz, 1895-1931; O. Pollak, 1931-1934 and 1946-1961; F. Kreuzer, 1962-1967; P. Blau, 1967-1970; M. Scheuch 1970-1989) and prominent contributors from the upper echelons of the Party made the newspaper one of the most important voices in Austrian political debates: concentrated on class-struggle politics before World War I, used as mouthpiece for party line in the 1920s, spoke out for the rights of Austrians during the Allied occupation and actively promoted a more flexible party line from the 1960s on.
Circulation: 1900: 24,000; 1914: 54,000; 1930: 100,000; 1948: 245,000; 1990: 100,000.
Further reading: G. Melischek and J. Seethaler, Die Wiener Tageszeitungen, vol. 3, 1992; P. Pelinka and M. Scheuch, 100 Jahre AZ, 1989.